Faktor Risiko Kejadian Hipertensi pada Pra Lansia di Desa Rantau Panjang Kiri Kecamatan Kubu Babussalam
Keywords: Hipertensi, Pra Lansia, Faktor Risiko
AbstractIntroduction : Hypertension is an important health problem because of its high prevalence and can lead to cardiovascular disease and chronic kidney disease. This study aimed to determine what risk factors affect the incidence of hypertension in pre-elderly in Rantau Panjang Kiri Village, Kubu Babussalam District. Method : This research was an analytic observational study with a case-control design. by using Simple Random Sampling technique. Data were analyzed using Chi-Square test. The research population was pre-elderly in Rantau Panjang Kiri Village. The sample were 160 respondents, namely 80 cases (hypertension) and 80 controls (not hypertension). Result : There was a genetic risk with the incidence of hypertension with p-value = 0.000 < .05 and OR = 16.714, physical activity with p-value = 0.000<.05 and OR = 4.421, sodium intake with p-value = 0.000 < .05 and OR = 5.858, nutritional status with p-value = .004 < .05 and OR = 2.772, smoking habit with p-value = .001 < .05 and OR = 3.211 and there was no risk between gender and the incidence of hypertension with p-value = .155 < .05 and OR = 1.653. The dominant risk factor for hypertension was genetic with p-value = 0.000 < .05 and OR 16.489. Conclusion : For the pre-elderly who have a family history of hypertension, it is better to do regular blood pressure checks so that the pre-elderly blood pressure can be kept under control, for the elderly with obesity and insufficient/regular physical activity, it is better to maintain an ideal body weight and do adequate/regular physical activity.
How to Cite
Nababan, A. (2022). Faktor Risiko Kejadian Hipertensi pada Pra Lansia di Desa Rantau Panjang Kiri Kecamatan Kubu Babussalam. Elisabeth Health Jurnal, 7(1), 89-96. https://doi.org/10.52317/ehj.v7i1.397